Squid engage in internal fertilization, but rather than using a penis for the transference of sperm cells, the males place a packet of sperm cells, called a spermatophore, into the femaleâ€™s mantle, or body cavity; however, individual squid species exhibit variations on this general model. Shortly after this sperm transfer takes place, the female excretes fertilized eggs into the water.Know More
Many male squid species possess long, specialized tentacles or arms for transferring spermatophores. In many cases, these tentacles break off once inside the female. Some species engage in elaborate courtship rituals that feature a “mating dance” and stunning visual displays in which the squid change colors rapidly. Females of some species only mate with one male while others are polyandrous and mate with up to three different males at three different times. In some species, the largest males are the most successful breeders while in others the males are not even as large as the females.
Most squid are semelparous, meaning that they only breed during one season before they die. While some species live long lives and are capable of breeding in consecutive seasons, many squid species experience a very high mortality rate. This makes it rare for squid to live long enough to breed twice.Learn more in Squid
Squid breathe by drawing water through their siphons into their mantles, the large muscular coverings over their bodies, where it passes over their two sets of gill filaments, absorbing oxygen and releasing carbon dioxide via diffusion. The blood that absorbs the oxygen uses a copper compound, haemocyanin, rather than the iron-containing hemoglobin of mammals. The blood is pumped to the gills from two branchial hearts and elsewhere by a third.Full Answer >
Some scientists believe that Humboldt squids are more likely to attack divers who utilize reflective equipment or flashing lights, indicating an attraction of the squid toward this kind of phenomenon. Other scientists say that the Humboldt squid only attacks divers when it is in a feeding frenzy.Full Answer >
Among the adaptations of a giant squid are a complex brain, advanced nervous system and the largest eyes of any animal. Its two long tentacles lined with teethed suction cups allow it to grasp prey. It draws water into its mantle and forces it out the back as a propulsion system. Its ability to squirt dark ink helps to foil predators.Full Answer >
The squid's natural predators include birds, fish, sharks and whales. Squid predators vary depending on their habitat. Squid that live near the surface of the water or in warm waters have an increased risk of being eaten, whereas squid that live in icy waters have fewer predators and mainly only have to be wary of sharks and whales. Most capable sea creatures feed on squid.Full Answer >