Ground squirrels dig holes in lawns to construct burrows where they can live and store their food. The holes are around 3 inches in diameter and about 20-feet long. Ground squirrels use these burrows for nesting and for hibernation when it gets cold in the winter.
Ground squirrels prefer grassy areas such as lawns, cemeteries, parks, golf courses and pastures where the ground has loamy or well-drained, sandy soil. They also choose wide-open places where they can easily detect and escape from their predators. Squirrels are herbivorous animals, and they feed on flowers, fruits and vegetables found in gardens and parks. They also feed on root crops, newly planted seeds and sprouting plants, and they can do extensive damage to pastures with agricultural crops.
In the United States, they are most abundant in California and Indiana where they cause damage to residential areas due to their burrowing and gnawing. Their burrowing weakens the ground, causing the grassy area to erode easily over time. Ground squirrels tend to live alone, but they live close to other ground squirrels, preferring places with easy access to food that make good, secure habitats. They defend their burrows from other ground squirrels and other burrowing animals. It is common for other ground squirrels to occupy a vacant burrow.Learn More
There are many commercial rodent foods that are available for pet mice; these foods come in block or pellet form. The food should be made up of at least 16 percent protein and 18 percent fiber, and it must not have more than 4 percent of fat.Full Answer >
Moles spend most of their lives underground. The Townsend mole, the most common species of moles in North America, prefers to live in fields, meadows, pastures and woods shaded by vegetation. The Pacific mole, also known as coast mole, inhabits habitats full of brush and dry wood.Full Answer >
Tree squirrels don't hibernate during the winter, but many species mate, hunker down in their winter nests and live off of food storage during the cold months. These winter nests are distinct from summer nests, and are located underground or in abandoned buildings.Full Answer >
The common eastern gray squirrel can live up to 12.5 years in the wild or 20 years in captivity. Other species have differing life spans; for instance, the southern flying squirrel lives for 5 to 6 years in the wild and up to 10 years in captivity.Full Answer >