Tarantulas eat arthropods such as insects and other spiders, and larger species even prey upon small rodents and reptiles. Contrary to its name, the Goliath bird-eating tarantula very rarely consumes birds.Know More
Tarantulas are some of the largest spiders in the world and are capable of consuming large prey. Grasshoppers, large crickets and beetles are common arthropod prey for tarantulas. Female tarantulas sometimes kill and consume a male after mating. Larger species of tarantula hunt vertebrate prey like mice or small lizards. Goliath bird-eating tarantulas actually consume very few birds. These large, burrowing spiders most often prey upon earthworms, as well as invertebrates and rodents. Bird-eating tarantulas prey upon birds only on rare occasions, such as when a young animal falls from a nest.
Tarantulas do not entrap prey with a web like some spiders, but they do produce silk. Tarantulas have poor eyesight; they mainly detect light, dark and movement. To assist in locating prey, tarantulas use their silk to create trip wires. When a prey animal steps on the silk the tarantula discerns its location and grabs the prey with its legs and fangs. Like other spiders, tarantulas inject venom that incapacitates prey through paralysis and also begins predigesting the soft parts of the animal.
Tarantula venom is relatively weak to humans, producing pain similar to or less than a bee sting. However, as with other invertebrate venom, some people exhibit allergic reactions to tarantula venom that are more severe than normal.Learn more about Spiders
Tarantulas live in subtropical, tropical and arid regions across southern North America, South America, Africa, southern Asia and coastal Australia. Most of the hundreds of species found worldwide are burrowers.Full Answer >
A wide variety of insects, mammals, birds, reptiles and amphibians prey on the wolf spider; specific examples include coyotes, owls and certain species of wasps. Wolf spiders are also cannibalistic. The wolf spider belongs to the family Lycosidae, which is ancient Greek for "wolf."Full Answer >
Some species of spiders do eat ants and some, like the Euryopis superba, prefer ants over other insects. Black widows and lynx spiders target ants for prey when given the opportunity. Some jumping spiders eat plant nectar and may consume ants or other insects that might harm the plant.Full Answer >
Male tarantula spiders can live upwards of seven years, while females can live up to 30. Their longevity is aided by the fact they molt, or shed, their exoskeletons to enable them to grow and repair their bodies.Full Answer >