Q:

Why are tigers endangered?

A:

Tigers are endangered because of climate change, loss of habitat and poaching. Most of the reasons tigers are on the endangered species list are tied to human interference. The overall combined population of all five tiger species is between 3,000 and 5,000, according to National Geographic.

Climate change is dangerous to tigers because it changes the jungles in which the tigers live. As the jungles have difficulty adapting to the changing temperatures, habitats for tigers decrease. Rising sea levels also erode coastal regions, which further encroach upon these habitats.

Loss of habitat, however, is mostly due to human interference. As the human population grows, it needs the materials in the jungles and forests where tigers live. Cutting down trees for wood and harvesting other plants are acts of deforestation that greatly reduce the tigers' habitat. Humans hunt some of the tigers' prey species, which takes food away from dwindling tiger populations. The loss of habitat also leads to a reduction in prey animals, so the area can support fewer tigers.

Poaching is also a huge detriment to the tiger population. Tigers are poached for trophies, such as teeth and fur, and for use in traditional medicines.The increase in human population also means that tigers come into contact with farm animals, and farmers sometimes illegally kill the tigers to protect their herds.


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