According to About.com, penguins are carnivores with piscivorous diets, and their diet consists mainly of fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. Penguins are opportunistic feeders, and their diet is largely based on what is available seasonally and in a particular location.Know More
Some of the most common fish that penguins prey on include anchovies, sardines, silverfish, cod, lantern fish, sprats and pilchards. Krill, shrimp and crabs are regular eaten by penguins, and squid and cuttlefish are occasionally preyed upon as well.
Penguins forage for food in the ocean, using keen underwater vision and excellent swimming abilities to prey on ocean creatures. Changing ocean patterns and weather conditions can cause changes in penguin's diets. Different species hunt in various ways and places. Some penguins prefer shallow water while others dive deep for their prey. Galapagos penguins usually do their hunting within a mile of their nest, whereas emperor penguins have been known to travel 500 miles or more to forage food for weeks at a time.
In captivity, penguins are fed fish, either chopped or whole, and they are given supplements to keep them healthy. Regular feeding patterns mean that they do not experience weight changes that are common with wild penguins due to long periods of time when food is unavailable.Learn more about Penguins
According to Falklands Conservation, penguins can swim at speeds of up to 17 mph; however, they normally average between 9 and 15 mph. Penguins can also dive further and swim faster than any other bird.Full Answer >
Royal penguins are a species of crested penguin that inhabit the waters around Antarctica. The males, which are larger than the females, grow to about 30 inches in length. Though they roam as far as Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania and other nearby islands, they only breed on Macquarie Island. Hunted for their oil between 1870 and 1919, the species is considered vulnerable to extinction.Full Answer >
Sir Nils Olav, a king penguin, was knighted in 2008 and is the official mascot and honorary Colonel-in-Chief of the Norwegian Royal Guard. He lives in Scotland’s Edinburgh Zoo, and members of the Guard usually visit the penguin when they have military duties in Scotland.Full Answer >
Adelie penguins are quite small penguins, rarely exceeding 11 pounds, that live solely around Antarctica. They have black heads and backs, white bellies and dull white-to-pink legs with black soles on their feet. They are extremely social animals, with mated pairs constantly interacting and communicating with neighbors in their colonies and carefully defending their nesting sites.Full Answer >