A square pyramid has five faces, one of which is a square, while the other four are triangles. The square is a special face known as the base of the pyramid. A pyramid is named after the type of base it has.
A square pyramid has five vertices, or corner points, and eight edges. An edge is a line that connects one corner to another.
The surface area of a square pyramid can be determined by multiplying the pyramid's perimeter by its slant length. This figure is then multiplied by 1/2, and the resulting number is added to the pyramid's base area.
To find the volume, multiply the base area by the pyramid's height. Take this number and multiply it by 1/3.