Types of Language?

Answer

Language is the method of human communication. It is a complex, open system that allows for innovation and it is usually distinguished from non-human communication by three major properties: productivity, recursion and displacement. Productivity is the ability to produce novel utterances using the existing grammatical framework, particularly with word creation. Recursion is the ability to nest phrases within a hierarchical structure. Displacement is the ability to communicate about things that are not present either physically or temporally.

Language relates signs to meaning. These signs can be oral, as in spoken language, or visual, as in signed language. The components of language are:

  1. Phonetics & Phonology: Phonemes are sounds or gestures that are the building blocks of a language.
  2. Morphology: Morphemes are the smallest possible semantic units, which are composed of phonemes.
  3. Syntax: The order and hierarchy of strings of words or utterances which are meaningful.
  4. Semantics: The meaning that is associated with a morpheme, word or utterance.

There are nearly 7,000 known living languages, including sign languages, grouped into over 100 larger language families. These include, but are not limited to:

  1. Indo-European Languages: English, French, Swedish, Russian, Latvian, Farsi, Hindi.
  2. Sino-Tibetan Languages: Mandarin, Cantonese (Yue), Central Tibetan.
  3. Japonic Languages: Japanese, Okinawan.
  4. Afro-Asiatic Languages: Hebrew, Arabic languages, Geez, Amharic, Berber languages
  5. Niger-Congo Languages: Igbo, Yoruba, Fon, Swahili.
  6. Na-Dene Languages: Navajo, Western Apache, Tlingit.
  7. French Sign Languages: American Sign Language, French Sign Language, Mexican Sign Language.

Living language is constantly evolving, but it also relies on speakers and transmission for survival. Out of the almost 7000 known living languages, hundreds are endangered and nearly 500 are almost extinct.
Q&A Related to "Types of Language"
Among the most common and popular forms of figurative language are similes and metaphors. These two types of figurative language are similar in effect, but with one critical difference
http://www.ehow.com/info_8029083_types-figurative-...
Signing is faster. An ASL-English interpreter can keep up with a conversation or monologue in spoken English; the same cannot be said of most typers. When you see captioning, or
http://www.quora.com/Sign-Languages-manual-communi...
It is a structured, procedural, high level programming language.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_type_of_language_c
1 Go to the Control Panel and click on Regional and Language Options. Ad 2 Click the Language tab, and under text services, click "details". This will open another window
http://www.wikihow.com/Type-Foreign-Language-Chara...
Explore this Topic
Language is the method of human communication. It is a complex, open system that allows for innovation and it is usually distinguished from non-human communication ...
There are many different types of languages all around the world. In the United States, Canada, England, and other areas, English is spoken. French is spoken ...
Bram stoker was british and he wrote Dracula so English. ...
About -  Privacy -  AskEraser  -  Careers -  Ask Blog -  Mobile -  Help -  Feedback © 2014 Ask.com