While in the desert, camels eat a variety of foods. They are fed dates, grass and grains, such as wheat and oats. In zoos, the camels are usually fed hay and dry grains. When traveling across the desert, where food can be scarce, camels will eat almost anything. They will live on anything they find including dried leaves, seeds and whatever else they can find. Camels have even been known to eat a tent or two. They will also eat bones, fish, meat and leather.