What is community planning for disaster management?

Answer

Community planning for disaster management involves the efforts of communities to plan for a variety of natural or man-made disasters, explains the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Management Agency. The process involves the coordination of personnel and materials required to recover from these emergencies.

Various situations may require disaster management. Some of these include natural disasters, such as earthquakes, hurricanes, tornadoes, floods or fires. Industrial accidents, including oil spills and explosions, also require emergency action. Terrorism within communities is becoming an increasingly common threat. War and communication failures are additional emergency situations which require preparedness.

Effective disaster management is composed of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, and response and recovery. The identification of possible hazards within the community is an excellent starting point for disaster management plans. The determination of vulnerabilities is also an integral part of planning. The compilation of resources provides a network of support which can be utilized when an emergency occurs. The formulation of an action plan addresses the specifics of what is to occur before, during and after an emergency situation.

Although the federal government frequently intervenes in the event of large-scale community emergencies, it is ultimately the responsibility of each local government and its citizens to prepare for these situations. Testing community disaster plans is critical to evaluate the effectiveness of the strategies outlined. This can be accomplished through the delivery of meetings, training and simulation exercises. Tests and simulations are an excellent tool to determine if weaknesses exist in the current plan.

Reference:
Q&A Related to "What is community planning for disaster management..."
Disaster Risk Reduction is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_community_based_...
This is a very comprehensive list and while I like this approach I think it's VERY important to stress that communities are a long term commitment and that you have to think out 3
http://www.quora.com/What-are-the-essential-compon...
Prepare. The disaster recovery plan prepares the business for the worst possible interruption and explains the steps that it will take to overcome those aspects. It analyzes the business
http://www.ehow.com/info_8264228_business-disaster...
It is the communities responsibility to panic. However we should all be prepared with knowledge like CPR, first aid, emergency routes etc.
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=200808...
1 Additional Answer
Ask.com Answer for: What Is Community Planning for Disaster Management
Preparing for the possibility of a disaster can save lives and make recovery efforts more effective.
Preparedness:
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