What are the antibiotics used to treat gonorrhea and chlamydia?

Answer

Common antibiotic treatments for gonorrhea are doxycycline and tetracycline, while chlamydia is often treated with doxycycline and azithromycin. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are two different sexually transmitted diseases. Both diseases are caused by different kinds of bacteria, which means they must be treated with different antibiotics.

Gonorrhea has become increasingly antibiotic resistant, causing doctors to have to change up the treatment regimen and the antibiotics used to effectively treat the STD. Antibiotics used to treat the STD include:

  • Gentamicin (injection)
  • Azithromycin (oral)
  • Gemifloxacin (oral)
  • Cefixime (oral)
  • Ceftriaxone (oral)
  • Doxycycline (oral)

Generally, doctors treat gonorrhea with more than one antibiotic. Sometimes both an oral medication and injection is used, depending on the strain of STD.

Chlamydia is very common in the U.S. It is one of the most common STDs but often does not show any symptoms in men or women. Diagnosis usually happens during an annual checkup and an STD screening. Several antibiotics are used to treat it, including:

  • Azithromycin (oral)
  • Doxycycline (oral)
  • Erythromycin (oral)

Chlamydia is usually treated with just one oral antibiotic. However, it is common to contract this STD with another, so additional treatment may be needed after STD testing and diagnosis.

Both of these STDs respond well to antibiotic therapy. Do keep in mind that once infected, the STDs can still be transmitted during treatment. Once cured, a patient can still contract the same STDs again, which is why healthcare professionals recommend using condoms and having potential partners screened.

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