It is possible to get pregnant when infected with chlamydia in the early stages of the infection, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, when chlamydia is left untreated, it can spread to the fallopian tubes and cause permanent damage in the reproductive system, making a woman unable to have children. Regular testing for chlamydia can help prevent the infection from going unnoticed.
If a woman is pregnant and infected with chlamydia, getting early treatment to cure the infection is important to protect the health of the unborn child, according to the CDC. If left untreated during pregnancy, chlamydia can be passed to the child during delivery and cause an eye infection or pneumonia in the baby. When chlamydia is left untreated, it leads to pelvic inflammatory disease, causing abdominal and pelvic pain in addition to sterility.
Because many people do not experience symptoms from the disease, the CDC explains that laboratory testing is critical for identifying chlamydia infection. Testing for chlamydia is performed using both urine and vaginal fluid samples at a doctor's office. Chlamydia is treated using a course of antibiotics and is cured once treated. It is important to finish all antibiotic medication and avoid sex until treatment is complete to prevent recurring infections.