What causes swelling in the hands and feet?


Swelling in the hands and the feet is a common occurrence that has a variety of possible triggers. The most common possibility is idiopathic edema, which occurs when excess fluid builds up in the body, with no specific trigger or cause.

Idiopathic edema is generally more common in women than in men, and is often accompanied by unexplained sodium retention. The symptoms of idiopathic edema can be alleviated with several hours of rest and reducing the amount of salt in your diet. Try elevating your feet and hands when you are resting and apply cool compresses to the affected area. Wearing support socks or gloves (also occasionally called 'compression' products) can also help alleviate mild edema. If rest and changes to your diet do not alleviate your symptoms, it is time to consult a medical professional. Your doctor can prescribe progesterone or ACE (angiotensin-converting-enzyme) inhibitors to ease the swelling. Edema can also be a symptom of a serious underlying condition such as heart disease or problems with your liver or kidneys.

If your edema is occurring in conjunction with other symptoms, particularly unexplained weight gain, nausea, or shortness of break, it's crucial to consult with your doctor as soon as possible, as these are symptoms of a serious issue.
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