What are the causes of intrauterine fetal death?


Scott and White Memorial Hospital lists several possible reasons for intrauterine fetal demise including an abnormality in the umbilical cord, placenta or fetus. Other reasons may be a pregnancy of 42 weeks or later, medical conditions in the mother, drug use by the mother or multiple pregnancies. The cause of intrauterine fetal death is often unknown.

According to Scott and White Memorial Hospital, about one percent of normal pregnancies end in fetal death, called intrauterine fetal demise. If fetal death occurs in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, it is considered a miscarriage. If it occurs after the 20th week, it is considered a fetal death.

Symptoms of intrauterine fetal demise include a loss of the baby's heart sounds, a lack of abdominal growth in the mother and ultrasound studies which suggest abnormalities. As Scott and White Memorial Hospital points out, later symptoms may include a change in the fetus's movement in the womb. Possible complications for the mother are blood clotting, infection of fetal materials and bleeding related to retained fetal tissue.

Scott and White Memorial Hospital advises that to prevent intrauterine fetal demise, a woman should control any medical problems; avoid drugs, alcohol and cigarettes; maintain good prenatal care; and make frequent prenatal visits to a doctor. A pregnant woman should track the progress of her pregnancy and alert a doctor if any abnormalities occur.

Q&A Related to "What are the causes of intrauterine fetal death..."
This is a complex subject. There can be many causes...from health problems with the mother like diabetes, high blood pressure, etc. to lack of proper nutritional care, plus a host
eat green leafy vegetables or maintain a well- balanced diet and provided comfort through morally, emotionally and spiritually.
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