What is the difference between hydrate and anhydrate?


In chemistry, the term "hydrate" refers to a substance that contains water, while an anhydrous substance contains no water. Hydrates and anhydrates differ greatly in their reactions to water and their common uses.

In organic chemistry, a hydrate is formed by the addition of hydrogen to another molecule to form a compound. Examples of organic hydrates are chloral hydrate, created from the reaction of hydrogen with chloral, and ethanol, formed when hydrogen is added to ethylene. In inorganic chemistry, the hydrate compound is formed when the compound contains water of crystallization. This happens when the hydrogen molecules have crystallized within the metal complex of the original molecule, or are bound to its metal center without changing the structure of the molecule.

By contrast, an anydrate or anhydrous material does not contain any water molecules. The water is usually removed by suction or by heating the substance to a high temperature. Anhydrous materials are typically used as drying agents because they absorb water from their surroundings. One example is a silica gel packet often included inside clothing pockets or other consumer goods to keep the surrounding area dry and mold-free. Many common anhydrates are quite dangerous to handle. Anhydrous ammonia, for example, is a pungent gas used as a fertilizer. The pungent fumes from this gas can suffocate a human and are extremely flammable. If ingested, it can cause quick dehydration.

Q&A Related to "What is the difference between hydrate and anhydrate..."
Hello! The difference is water. A hydrated salt is one that has
A hydrate conatains water typically of crystallisation) an anhydrate does not. Most chemists would term CaCl. 2. as anhydrous calcium chloride rather than calcium chloride anhydrate
Anhydrous is one without water, i.e. in the crystal form. hydrated is a blue solution of CuSO4.
A crystal of anhydrous copper(II) chloride does not contain any water molecules while a crystal of copper(II) chloride dihydrate contains two water molecules for every formula unit
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