What is the difference between sulfate, sulfide and sulfite?

Answer

Sulfate is any salt or ester made up of sulphuric acid. Sulfide is used to describe any of three types of chemical compounds that contain sulfur. Sulfite is sulfur dioxide, or SO2.

Sulfates, also spelled sulphates, are used in a variety of common products and processes. Sodium lauryl sulfate is a strong detergent used for removing oils and grease and is found in household cleaning products, face and body washes and shampoos. Sodium sulfate is used in the manufacturing of glass and paper. Zinc sulfate is used to preserve wood.

Sulfides, also spelled sulphides, come in three classes: organic sulfides, inorganic sulfides and phosphine sulfides. Organic sulfides are compounds in which sulfur is bonded to two organic groups. Inorganic sulfides are ionic compounds or salts which contain a negatively charged sulfide ion. Phosphine sulfides occur when the sulfur atom reacts with organic phosphines. Examples of sulfides include zinc, copper, silver and mercury.

Sulfites, or sulfur dioxide, is most commonly used as a preservative in wines and foods due to its antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Consumption of sulfites in wine and food is generally considered harmless, except in people who lack the bodily enzymes to break them down during digestion. Sulfite is also a chief component of acid rain, which is formed when the sulfur dioxide interacts with water molecules.

Q&A Related to "What is the difference between sulfate, sulfide..."
The sulfate ion has the formula SO4^2- The sulfite ion has the formula SO3^2- Sulfate has one more oxygen than sulfite. The S^2- ion that Roger is referring to is not the sulfite
http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=201009...
Sulfate is a polyatomic ion with the formula SO. 4. 2- Sulfite is a polyatomic ion with the formula SO. 3. 2- Sulfide is a monatomic ion with the formula S. 2-
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_is_the_difference_b...
Sulphide - S02 has one sulphur and 2 oxygens and
http://www.chacha.com/question/what-is-the-differe...
1. Make a super-saturated solution of copper sulfate. Heat distilled water in a beaker over low heat until it reaches around 122 degrees Fahrenheit. Add a small amount of copper sulfate
http://www.ehow.com/how_7857312_make-sulfate-cryst...
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