What is the difference between teleological and deontological?

Answer

Teleological and deontological approaches to topics vary by their focus, with teleological approaches based on intended end effects and deontological approaches based on adherence to set rules. These terms are most often found together in the study of ethics. Teleological ethics are also often referred to as consequentialism.

Teleology extends beyond just ethics, and refers to any aspect of existence with a definite end, whether in human behavior or in nature. For instance, a teleological view of animals proposes that current animals are, in some sense, an intended end of evolution or creation. Deontology, on the other hand, is solely concerned with ethical questions.

Deontology, as a formal ethical model, is the older of the two, with the best-recorded example of antiquity being divine command theory. This theory states that an action is good or evil depending on whether it corresponds to rules set by a deity. The famous philosopher Kant, however, provided a different form of deontological ethics, whereby the morality of an action should be judged by whether the actor would desire that the morality justifying that action be universal.

Teleological ethics are much newer. One version, utilitarianism, was created by John Stuart Mill, and states that the most moral action promotes the greatest good for the greatest number of people. Conversely, actions that create a general net unhappiness are immoral.

Q&A Related to "What is the difference between teleological..."
The major difference between these two approaches lie in the topic of focus. Deontological ethicists focus on actions and rules. Deontological ethical systems have at their center
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Teleological ethical theories are consequentialist in nature because they assert that the morally correct action is one that produces the greatest balance of good over bad consequences
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teleoological is the one that bases the judgement of action on the result of an action while deontological maintain that the moral rightness os wrongness of an actions depends on
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Deontology - the ethical system in which morality is determined by duty or laws. One example would be Kantian ethics, in which the only actions that are moral are those performed
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What Is the Difference Between Teleological & Deontological Ethics?
Teleology and deontology are two of the three major approaches to the study of ethics. Deontological ethics is a rule driven system, with moral status contingent on adherence to rules. Teleology, also called consequentialism, bases morality on the end... More »
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