What were the gender roles in Ancient Rome?


Gender in the Roman world was more bound with notions of social identity and, through this, the relationships of power. For slaves, the concept did not apply because the Roman law made no distinction between male and female and thus, slaves were 'genderless'. Gender Roles in ancient Rome implied rights of women and children and attempts to determine the duties of adult men from these laws. Men's supremacy over women and children is affirmed in the twelve tables and is made more clear perhaps by its omission of women's rights than by its inclusion of men's rights. Children were disregarded almost entirely, except in the defining of inheritance and the urging of infanticide. It is clear that the mother has no say in this. This is the power and duty of the father.
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