The word 'Arkansas' came from the Quapaw Indian tribe. Members of this tribe are known as the Ugakhpah, which translates to people who live downstream. They were also referred to as Arkansaw by French explorers.
The state name ofArkansasderives from the same root as the state name Kansas. The word "Arkansas" itself is a French pronunciation of a Quapaw word akakaze meaning "land of downriver people" or the Sioux word Akakaze meaning "people of the south wind".