A loan company offers money to customers and they return the money with interest. To start a loan company you first decide on the leading limits and then make a business plan which contains start-up and operating budget, market analysis, profit and loss projections and a systematic marketing approach to attract and keep a regular book of business. Complete all the paper work needed and get a licence. Next get a location and obtain the money to lead. They are different ways of getting the money. Set your profitability goals and interest rates and ensure that you follow all the laws while running the business.