According to About.com, ants can lift up 50 times their own body weight. This is due to a mechanical advantage they hold over larger animals, as their muscles are not required to move as much body mass when compared to their surface area.
Over 10,000 species of ants exist, according to National Geographic. They belong to the order Hymenoptera and are close relatives of bees and wasps. Ants are social animals that live in colonies led by a single queen, although some species allow multiple queens. The queen's purpose is to lay thousands of eggs following a mating session with male drones. Worker ants are wingless females incapable of reproducing.