According to National Geographic, the average African elephant weighs between 5,000 and 14,000 pounds, while the average Asian elephant weighs 4,500 to 11,000 pounds. The African elephant lives up to 70 years, and the Asian elephant has a life span of about 60 years.
The African elephant is the largest land mammal. At the shoulder, this elephant measures 8.2 to 13 feet. The Asian elephant is 6.6 to 9.8 feet tall.
The Asian elephant has ears that are smaller than those of the African elephant. The ears radiate heat to help keep these large animals cool.
The elephant's trunk is used for breathing, smelling, trumpeting, grabbing things and drinking. The African elephant has two fingers on the end of the trunk that allow the elephant to pick up items, while the Asian elephant only has one finger on the end of the trunk.