How do you build an indoor shooting range?

Answer

The design of an indoor firing range requires consideration of both functional and safety concerns. Most important is the protective construction of the range, and designing it in a way that any area where a bullet could impact deflects the round downrange and not back towards the firing line. Ricochet control is of the utmost importance when installing brackets and beams.

Typical building materials for an indoor firing range include steel, plywood, concrete and bullet back stops made of core-filled CMU with sacrificial cladding. Another critical component in the design of a firing range is the legal requirement for ventilation and lead exposure mitigation, in accordance with health and safety standard 29 CFR 1910.1025. The design of an indoor firing range must include a positive exhaust system for removal of airborne lead.

Additional considerations include noise exposure mitigation through the use of unpainted heavy masonry, energy efficient fluorescent light fixtures for reduced glare on wall surfaces, and communication systems to ensure effective channels by which the shooting booths can communicate with range masters. If the range is being used by the public, there are additional items to attend to, including ADAAG-compliant hazard signage, an eyewash station in the firearm-cleaning area and a range alarm system to notify users when an unsafe condition exists.

Reference:
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