What is a non-silicate mineral?


Non-silicate minerals are minerals that do not contain silicon or oxygen as a tetrahedral structure. They have extremely different foundation and physical properties. They also have an unrestricted range of shapes, sizes and colors, and they are displayed by well-formed crystals.

The major basic group of non-silicate minerals is called native elements; these elements have a chemical formula that consists of only one element. This group of minerals includes gold, silver, copper and sulfur. Other non-silicate mineral groups, categorized according to their anionic chemistry, are the carbonates, halides, sulfates, sulfides and oxides. Each group has diverse chemistry and exhibits varying physical appearances.

Carbonates are known as rock-forming minerals, while the remaining groups are often ore minerals. Calcite and dolomite are two of the most important carbonates. Pyrite is the only sulfide that commonly occurs in rocks. Sulfides are significant economic minerals that provide the main source of elements such as zinc, mercury, nickel, lead, molybdenum, copper and arsenic.

Non-silicate minerals constitute less than 10 percent of the Earth’s crust. Carbon is found in diamond and graphite form. The carbonates, sulfides and oxides are the most common non-silicates. A few elements exist in pure form, such as gold, silver, lead, arsenic, copper, tellurium and bismuth. Many of the non-silicates are considered economically important, particularly those that include valuable metals. Some non-silicates are valued as gems due to their beauty, color and hardness.

Q&A Related to "What is a non-silicate mineral?"
This link has a lot of examples of non silicate minerals, including: hematite,
Minerals that do not contain the silica tetrahedra.
C. "Silicate" from the siliceous compounds SiO or SiO2. stop cheating on homework/exams and good luck.
Metallic minerals would include copper, gold, silver. Non-metallic minerals would include quartz, feldspar, mica, and calcite.
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Ask.com Answer for: non silicate minerals
The Difference Between Silicate & Non-Silicate Minerals
Many different kinds of minerals exist. They can, however, be divided into two broad classes, the silicate and non-silicate minerals. The silicates are more abundant, although non-silicates are very common as well. Not only do the two exhibit differences... More »
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Explore this Topic
Non-silicate minerals are minerals which do not contain a combination of silicon and oxygen, as silicate minerals do. They are classified into seven major classes ...
A mineral is an inorganic solid that occurs naturally and has definite chemical composition. Building block of silicate minerals is the silicon-oxygen tetrahedron ...
The two major groups of minerals is silicate and nonsilicate minerals. Silicate mineral contain Silicate groupings. Non-silicate minerals do not contain silicate ...
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