What are Latin names in the periodic table of elements?

Answer

While nearly every element on the periodic table has a Latin name, there are eight in particular with irregular symbols that are derived from their Latin names: copper (Cu, from Latin 'cyprium'), gold (Au, from Latin 'aurum'), iron (Fe, from Latin 'ferrum'), lead (Pb, from Latin 'plumbum'), potassium (K, from Latin 'kalium'), silver (Ag, from Latin 'argentum'), tin (Sn, from Latin 'stannum') and mercury (Hg, from Latin 'hydragyrum').

The Latin names of these words come from Latin words which translate directly into the element. For example, 'aurum' is Latin for gold. Copper is an exception to this rule because 'cyprium' is a word referencing the island of Cyprus. In addition, there are elements on the periodic table which get their English name from a Latin root, but do not have irregular symbols. These are aluminum (Latin 'alumen'), calcium (Latin 'calx' meaning 'lime'), carbon (Latin 'carbo' meaning 'charcoal'), cesium (Latin 'caesius' meaning 'sky blue'), chlorine (Latin 'chloros' meaning 'greenish-yellow'), fluorine (Latin 'fluere' meaning 'to flow'), gallium (Latin 'Gallia' the Latin word for France), germanium (Latin 'Germania' the Latin word for Germany), hafnium (Latin 'Hafnia' the Latin word for Copenhagen), holmium (Latin 'Homlia' the Latin word for Stockholm), indium (Latin 'indicum' meaning 'indigo'), iridium (Latin 'iris' meaning 'rainbow'), manganese (Latin 'magnes' meaning 'magnet'), nitrogen (Latin 'nitron' and 'genes' meaning 'nitre forming'), oxygen (Latin 'oxy' and 'genes' meaning 'acid forming'), radium (Latin 'radius' meaning 'ray'), rhenium (Latin 'Rhenus' the Latin word for the Rhine River), rubidium (Latin 'rubidius' meaning 'deep red'), scandium (Latin 'Scandia' the Latin word for Scandinavia), silicon (Latin 'silicis' meaning 'flint') and thallium (Latin 'thallos' meaning 'green twig').

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Ask.com Answer for: periodic table of elements latin names
The Periodic Table of Elements
Dmitri Mendeleev generally is credited with the creation of the first periodic table, which charts the chemical elements by atomic number and valence shell electron configuration.
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