What Are the Six Unique Properties of Language?

Answer

The six properties of language are displacement, arbitrariness, productivity, discreteness, duality and cultural transmission. Displacement: allows language users to communicate about events or things that are absent from the current environment (what you did last week, your friend who is not with you, what you will do on vacation, etc.). This allows humans to make up stories and to think about the future.Arbitrariness: the words and symbols used to denote objects are not inherently related to the objects they symbolize.Productivity: the potential unique sentences/word combinations/sounds is infinite.Discreteness: the sounds within the language are considered their own, discrete sounds with their own distinct meanings.Duality: at one level of language there are discrete sounds, and at another, there are discrete meanings. You can combine the letters g, o and d in two different ways: god and dog, and those two words mean different things/sound differently even though they are comprised of the same three sounds.Cultural Transmission: language is acquired through culture.
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