What is the origin of the phrase, "Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it"?


Although the quote is often attributed to William Churchill, a more likely source is George Santayana. The philosopher's phrasing is subtly different but conveys the same meaning: “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it.”

Santayana, a poet and essayist as well as philosopher, penned the line In the 1905 work, "Life of Reason, Reason in Common Sense." Churchill and others have echoed this cautionary sentiment, which foretells a dire outcome for those who fail to heed history's lessons. In a 1935 address to the House of Commons, the great statesman warned about the lack of foresight that contributes to "the endless repetition of history."

Q&A Related to "What is the origin of the phrase, "Those who..."
"Winston Churchill " It was actually George Santayana. He was a Spanish philosopher.
George Santayana.
"Those who refuse to learn from history
The quote "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it" from George Santayana has led to may variations, including that in your text.
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