Petrol, also referred to as gasoline in North America is a transparent petroleum-derived liquid that is primarily used as a fuel in internal combustion engines. It is obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum.
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In the UK, petrol is largely used as a fuel for light road vehicles and small appliances like lawnmowers, cement mixers and others. In smaller engines, petrol is mixed with oil to produce a fuel mixture that reduces engine wear.
Petrol is used for fuel and as a raw material in the chemical industry. As a fuel it powers petrol automobiles and bikes. During the Renaissance period, petrol was used to obtain lubricants and medicinal products.