According to Medline Plus, a throbbing temple is a common symptom of migraine, a specific type of headache that is often triggered by lack of sleep, ingestion of monosodium glutamate, alcohol, caffeine withdrawal and certain foods. Migraines typically start with a pulsating pain or throbbing on the side of the head or a visual aura that serves as a warning sign. Migraine pain worsens as the individual moves around.
The Mayo Clinic explains that throbbing temples are a common sign of chronic migraine, a chronic headache that occurs at least 15 days out of the month. Chronic migraines differ from classic migraines due to the fact that chronic migraines do not typically cause a visual aura. Chronic migraines occur on one side of the head and cause a pulsating sensation. Chronic migraines cause mild to moderate pain that worsens with activity.
According to Healthline, throbbing temples also often occur in individuals with temporal arteritis, a condition that causes inflammation of the temporal arteries that supply blood to the brain. Symptoms of temporal arteritis include a throbbing headache in the temples, visual disturbances, excessive sweating and loss of appetite. The cause of temporal arteritis is unknown, but the condition is linked to autoimmune responses and excessive antibiotic use.