Abraham Lincoln had several professions over his lifetime, but most notably, he was the 16th president of the United States of America. Elected in 1860, Lincoln led the country through the American Civil War. By issuing the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, Lincoln freed all slaves in the Confederate States, a major stepping stone to the eventual abolishment of slavery in America.
In 1834, Abraham Lincoln was elected to the 30th Illinois Congress, representing the Whig Party. During this time, he studied law and served as a surveyor to make ends meet. In 1837, while still serving in Congress, he opened his own law practice in Springfield, Ill. He declined re-election in 1840, opting to focus on his career as a lawyer. Elected to the U.S. Congress in 1846, Lincoln served only one term before leaving office in 1849. Lincoln was also a gifted orator. During his tenure as president, he delivered the Gettysburg Address on the grounds of the infamous battlefield in November of 1863, the same year his Emancipation Proclamation was issued. Lincoln was assassinated by Confederate sympathizer and actor John Wilkes Booth on Good Friday of 1865 while attending a performance of "Our American Cousin" at Ford's Theatre in Washington.