What Do Earthworms Eat?


Earthworms eat soil. They get their nutrition from microorganisms and decaying plant matter in the soil. Animal feces are also a component of an earthworm's diet. Earthworms have strong mouth muscles, and they ingest the soil as they burrow through the earth.
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What Food Do Earthworms Eat?
Earthworms are an important species in the food chain for small and medium-sized animals, including birds, fish and raccoons. Earthworms also aerate and help to break down the soil while feeding on smaller organic nutrients.... More »
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Earthworms usually feed on decaying plant and animal matter found in the soil. These include decaying roots and leaves, bacteria, fungi, rotifers and decomposing remains of animals. The food is digested in the gizzard and is broken down in the intestines, it is very beneficial to the soil when it comes out as worm castings.
Birds, fish, turtles, salamanders and raccoons are some of the organisms that eat earthworms, but some people also eat earthworms. These organisms which are members of Oligochaeta eat dead and decaying plant material and tiny plant roots.
Earthworms have a number of natural enemies and they include ants, centipedes, birds, snakes, beetle larvae as well as toads. Earthworms are most plentiful in moist heavy soil conditions and they usually migrate deep in the soil in the fall and return to the soil surface in the spring.
An earthworm normally feeds on apples, pears and banana peels. These animals can also be fed on: beans, celery, rice, carrots, pasta, oatmeal, non–sugared breakfast cereals, pancakes, corn meal, cucumbers, tomatoes, all greens, corn, cabbage, corncobs and squash.
Most earthworms are decomposers, feeding on undecayed leaf and other plant matter. Others eat soil.
Earthworms eat dead grass and leaves and get nutrients from the microscopic organisms on them. If the earthworms live deeper in the ground, they will eat raw dirt. Again, they get nutrients from the algae and bacteria in the dirt.
Earthworms eat dead organic matter, along with anything else they can gather up from the soil. Their gizzards grind their food up and then deposit it into their intestine.
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