A technophobe is someone who is averse to and fearful of technology in general, especially newer technology. A Luddite is someone who resists new technology and innovation. Luddite is also a term that relates to a specific anti-technology movement from the early 19th century.
While the term technophobe, or technophobia, originated during the 1960s, the more specific term Luddite dates back much earlier to a British uprising of the early 1800s. According to Oxford University Press, this anti-machinery rebellion was attributed to Ned Ludd, who was not a real person but a mythical figurehead of the movement to destroy machines, such as cotton mills, that were potentially endangering people's jobs.