The terms compare and contrast are two different words and their meanings are different. Compare means to look at something critically and see what they have in common or their similarities. Contrast is to note down the differences between the two objects and what difference they have.
2 Additional Answers
To compare and contrast means to find the similarities and the differences between two or more places or things that are in question. So as to compare and contrast two things you need to establish a basis of comparison. You also need to make a thorough presentation of information.
With compare and contrast, you are simply studing and comparing at least two different things, and noting their similar characteristics, along with the things that they don't have in common.