Gold is a soft, yellow, metal with a beautiful lustrous sheen. It appears as number 79 on the periodic table of elements and its scientific symbol is Au. It is not magnetic, but it is an outstanding conductor of electricity. Its melting point is 1062.78° C. Gold is an extremely soft metal, being 2.3 on a hardness scale of 10. This is the factor that gives gold its marvellous malleability.