What does the smooth endoplasmic reticulum do?

Answer

The smooth endoplasmic reticulum, or smooth ER, performs functions in several metabolic processes, including synthesis of steroids, lipids and phospholipids, as well as the metabolism of carbohydrates, elimination of drugs from the system and attachment of receptors to cell membrane proteins. Both the smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum form an organelle in eukaryotic organisms creating a network of tubes or sacs called cisternae, but it is the smooth endoplasmic reticulum that helps the body eliminate a number of toxins.

One of the major benefits of smooth ER is its ability to turn many organic chemicals into safe products that are soluble in water. The liver cells contain a great deal of smooth ER, where it serves to remove toxins from products of natural metabolism. It also removes from the system excess ethanol, which comes from excessive consumption of alcohol, as well as barbiturates ingested by drug users. To perform these functions more efficiently, the smooth ER has the ability to double its total surface area in a matter of several days, going back to its original size after the end of the attack. Smooth ER also helps break glycogen granules on the external surface into glucose. It also produces steroid hormones within the endocrine glands and the adrenal cortex.

Q&A Related to "What does the smooth endoplasmic reticulum do?"
The smooth Er produces lipids (fats) unlike the rough ER which helps produce proteins and is covered in ribosomes.
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The smooth endoplasmic reticulum packages proteins for transport, synthesizes
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rough has ribosomes on it and processes proteins smooth has no ribosomes and processes carbs and lipids
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Synthesis of lipids and steroids, metabolism of carbohydrates, regulation of calcium concentration, drug detoxification, attachment of receptors on cell..More?
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Explore this Topic
The smooth endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the part of the ER that does not have ribosomes attached to the cytoplasmic side of the membrane. It forms a tubular structure ...
There are two types of endoplasmic reticulum, namely rough and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. The ER which has ribosomes attached to its surface is known as the ...
The is a varied difference between smooth and rough endoplasmic reticulum. The rough ER has ribosomes in it. However, the smooth ER does not have any ribosomes. ...
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