The word 'ronin' in the Japanese history was a samurai who had no allegiance to a feudal lord. A ronin was a samurai whose lord was defeated. Ronins often acted as mercenaries, working for whoever paid them while others became outlaws and criminals.
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what does the word ronin mean
NOUN [PLURAL RO·NIN, RO·NINS. JAPANESE HISTORY]
a samurai who no longer serves a daimyo, or feudal lord.