"Translucent" is an adjective describing the quality of permitting the passage of light through a surface. The word "translucent" is Latin in origin. Its component parts, "trans" and "lucens," translate as "shine through."
Although similar to the state of transparency, something that is translucent is not as clear as something that is transparent, according to Merriam-Webster. Translucent material diffuses light as the light passes through. Frosted glass is a good example of this quality because images on the opposite side are visible but details of these images are not distinct. The word "translucent" is often used in the domains of science, medicine and art.