Metabolism (from metabolē, change or metabolismos, outthrow) is the set of life
-sustaining chemical transformations
within the cells of living organisms
. These enzyme
-catalyzed reactions allow organisms to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures, and respond to their environments. The word metabolism can also refer to all chemical reactions that occur in living organisms, including digestion and the transport of substances into and between different cells, in which case the set of reactions within the cells is called intermediary metabolism or intermediate metabolism.
Metabolism is usually divided into two categories. Catabolism