What gases make up the sun?


The sun is primarily composed of hydrogen and helium. Hydrogen is the most abundant element of the Earth’s closest star, representing 71 percent of its mass. Helium is the second most abundant element in the sun, representing about 27 percent of its mass. Oxygen, carbon, nitrogen, silicone, magnesium, neon, iron and sulfur combine to form about 1 percent of the sun’s mass.

Scientists study the components of the sun by analyzing the spectrum of light it gives off. The same technique works for stars, but because the sun is so much closer, scientists can collect better data. While this technique gives scientists excellent data about the outer layers of the sun, some details about the inner core remain unknown.

The sun is a flaming ball of superheated gas, about 864,000 miles in diameter. Fueled by intense nuclear reactions deep in its core, the sun reaches astonishingly hot temperatures as it converts hydrogen into helium. The sun’s surface reaches more than 10,000 F, but the core is much warmer, reaching up to 28 million F. Eventually, the sun will run out of hydrogen in its core, and, eventually, the nuclear process will stop. The sun has burned through about half of its helium, but it should continue to light the sky for another 5 billion years.

Q&A Related to "What gases make up the sun?"
The sun, our nearest star, sustains life on Earth by producing light, rain, wind and chemical energy found in fossil fuels, and allowing plants to grow. It is the largest object in
In the Sun hydrogen is converted to helium. Both are PLASMA. It's a very common misconception that the fusion in the sun happens with gas. However, the heat created by this fusion
The Sun consists of hydrogen, helium, iron, nickel, oxygen, silicon, sulfur,
The Sun is a mixture of approximately 75% hydrogen and 25% helium. It will continue to burn for about 5 billion years!
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Ask.com Answer for: what gases make up the sun
What Gases Make Up the Sun?
The sun provides the Earth with heat and energy. People do not often stop to think about how the sun actually produces this energy, instead we appreciate it without questioning the process. The constant chemical reactions among the gases that make up the... More »
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