A certificate of analysis is an authenticated document that shows the results of scientific tests on products, according to the National Institutes of Health. This type of certificate is an essential document in the manufacturing, fabricating, compounding, distributing, importing and exporting of ingredient- or chemical-based products.
Consumers rely on the information presented on packaging when using products offered in the marketplace. A certificate of analysis is typically prepared by an inspection firm or other third party as a quality-control measure in the preparation of items for sale. The certificate provides the exact details about a product's quality and compliance with specifications resulting from a test of a representative sample drawn from a specific lot or batch.