What are paralinguistic features in communication?

Answer

Paralinguistic features in verbal communication are the vocal signals beyond the basic verbal message. Paralinguistic elements in a person's speech convey meaning beyond the words and grammar used. Examples of paralinguistic features include pitch, rate, quality of voice and amplitude.

Forms of paralanguage can also include laughter or imitative speech. Prosody, which is the rhythm, pattern, stress and intonation of a person's speech, is also a form of paralanguage.

People express meaning not just in what they say but in the way they say it. The paralinguistic features employed by a speaker provide nuanced meaning, communicate attitudes and convey emotion.

Paralinguistic features alert the listener as to how to interpret the message. Many of these paralinguistic features are culturally coded and inherent in verbal communication, often at a subconscious level. For example, a normal volume of speaking in the United States is perceived as aggressive in many other societies. Often, though, people consciously utilize paralanguage. For example, when someone is saying something sarcastically, he or she may adjust the intonations used.

Some linguists and people who study communications expand the scope of paralinguistic features to include non-vocal components as well, such as facial expressions, body positioning and movements, and hand gestures.

Q&A Related to "What are paralinguistic features in communication..."
paralinguistic features refer to language. This includes voice loudness and affect.
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_paralinguistic_...
Paralinguistic communication - the use of manner of speaking to communicate
http://www.chacha.com/question/what-is-paralinguis...
paralinguistic communication: the use of manner of speaking to communicate particular meanings
http://www.kgbanswers.com/what-is-the-meaning-of-p...
paralinguistics are the non-verbal elements- pitch, volume and intonation. Some people include body language. I can convey very different meaning with the same words and different
http://uk.answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=201...
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Paralinguistic is a word that denotes nonlexical or paralanguage elements that are used for communication by speech. Paralanguage is referred to the communication ...
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