What is Plantae?


The University of California Museum of Paleontology states that the kingdom Plantae encompasses all land plants, including flowering plants, ferns, mosses and conifers. Second in size to Arthropoda, Plantae has more than 250,000 species.

Plants first existed during the Ordovician period. By the end of the Devonian period, which was around 360 million years ago, a large variety of plants existed, including tall forest trees and tiny creeping plants. The green color of plants is their most important feature. It results from the presence of the pigment called chlorophyll. Plants use this pigment to absorb light energy from the sun, which is essential in the production of sugar, starch and other carbohydrates. Plants provide valuable food sources, such as fruits, vegetables and grains.

Plants also significantly contribute to the shaping of environments. Plants are found almost everywhere, from the tundra to the rain forest and the desert. They produce and maintain the terrestrial environment occupied by humans, animals and other living beings.

According to the Encyclopedia of Life, the kingdom Plantae includes water-dwelling organisms, such as green algae, and land plants that evolved from green algae. Land plants are classified into two primary groups, which are the nonvascular and vascular plants.

Q&A Related to "What is Plantae?"
It is the scientific name for the Plant kingdom.
( ′plan′tē ) (botany) The plant kingdom.
It is the scientific name for the Plant kingdom. ChaCha for now!
plantae: (botany) the taxonomic kingdom comprising all living or extinct plants
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Ask.com Answer for: what is plantae
Kingdom Plantae
The Plantae includes all land plants: mosses, ferns, conifers, flowering plants, and so on—an amazing range of diverse forms. With more than 250,000 species, they are second in size only to... More >>
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