According to the city government of Portland, Ore., a fire truck comes equipped with a ladder that cannot be removed, while a fire engine carries a ladder that is movable. Fire engines may also be referred to as pumpers.
Fire trucks include an aerial ladder that is hydraulically operated and ground ladders in a variety of lengths and types. Fire trucks also contain specialized equipment for forced entry, ventilation, and search and rescue tasks. In contrast, fire engines carry various types of hoses and tools and pump water. The Portland government notes that its fire engine's water tank can hold 500 to 750 gallons of water, and its pump operates at approximately 1,500 gallons per minute.