What is the difference between a survey and a questionnaire?


A survey is a measurement procedure that asks answers of respondents while a questionnaire is a type of survey, which is the most commonly used research tool in applied social research. Surveys are generally divided into two broad categories: questionnaires and interviews.

With surveys, researchers are able to gather a large number of responses to specific questions in order to perform analyses that identify patterns and relationships among variables. Surveys are non-experimental instruments designed to gather quantitative data. Use of surveys is particularly advantageous in gathering information that can not be directly observed, such as respondents' opinions on a topic.

Questionnaires usually are distributed to a large group of people. This survey instrument typically contains mostly close-ended questions or questions that involve a scaled response. Questionnaires may also include open-ended questions.

Questionnaires may be distributed through the postal mail, electronically, via an online survey site, in person or at a standalone kiosk.

Disadvantages in choosing a questionnaire as the survey method include literacy and comprehension limitations of the respondents, possible low response rates and challenges in constructing useful questions and answer options. Another disadvantage with closed-ended questionnaire questions is the limited range of responses allowed, which often neglects nuances in respondents' opinions.

Q&A Related to "What is the difference between a survey and..."
Those two words are synonymous. They are used interchangeably in the literature. In some cases a survey might relate to a questionnaire that is distributed by different modes (paper
1. A survey questionnaire should start with standard survey questions, which will make your survey respondents more comfortable with participating in the survey. You can ask their
A questionnaire does not have to be survey, it could also be used in other areas. But surveys are designed for only research purposes. Observation as a research method is something
Most surveys are designed for a very specific purposes. If you're looking for examples of good design, then your best bet is a survey textbook. Real life surveys are often low quality
Explore this Topic
The difference between formal and informal observation is that formal observation is done as part of a survey, and all the normal survey processes are followed ...
About -  Privacy -  Careers -  Ask Blog -  Mobile -  Help -  Feedback  -  Sitemap  © 2014 Ask.com