Equality means that all things are equal when measured by society's standards. Everyone or everything is on the same level in ability, rank, quality, quantity or social standing. Fairness is an essential feature of equality.
Societies that value equality strive to incorporate principles of fairness and justice throughout various social institutions. The goal is for all people to receive fair treatment regardless of their background or social status. Government services are one measure of how equality works in everyday life. For example, when applying for a driver's license, everyone is given the same written and vehicle operation test. Everyone applying for a license has an equal opportunity to legally drive a vehicle as long as these tests are passed.
Equality plays a role in both the public and private sectors on issues of employment. Workplaces commonly have non-discrimination policies based on the principle of equality. Ideally, employees are treated equally while on the job. The ability to perform a specific work task is measured by individual performance and not by age, gender, race or religious preferences. Hiring workers is often based on policies involving equality.
Equality can also be applied to anything that is uniform in nature. An example would be a notebook filled with sheets of paper that are of equal size, shape and quality.