The Electoral College consists of 583 popularly elected representatives (electors) who formally elect the President and Vice President of the United States. This has been highly controversial as the vote of the people is overshadowed. Each state has a number of electors equal to the number of its U.S. senators plus the number of its U.S. representatives.
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what is the purpose of the electoral college
The Electoral College chooses the president and vice president of the United States. Each state has a number of electors equal to the total number of the state's Senators and Representatives. States vary in how their electoral votes are assigned following the general election. To win the presidency, a candidate must have a majority in the electoral college.
The purpose of Electoral College is to formally elect the president and the vice president. It consists of the popularly elected representatives (electors). In USA, the citizens do not directly vote for the president, but the electors who finally choose the president.