What is the purpose of the Taj Mahal?


The Taj Mahal was built as a mausoleum for the wife of Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. After Mumtaz Mahal's death, the emperor commissioned the complex to house her tomb. The Taj Mahal was named in Mumtaz Mahal's honor.

After Mumtaz Mahal's death during the birth of the couple's 14th child in 1631, Shah Jahan commissioned the building of the Taj Mahal. The construction of the complex took 20 years and was finally finished around 1653. Over 20,000 workers participated in the construction of the Taj Mahal as well as 1,000 elephants.

The focal point of the complex, the main central dome, stretches 240 feet and is surrounded by four smaller domes. Much of the mausoleum is made of marble, with various precious stones laid into the stonework. Red sandstone is one of the other main building materials that make up the complex. The entrances to the mausoleum are arches and have verses from the Quran engraved into them. A garden and water pools finish the mausoleum.

When Shah Jahan died in 1666, he was buried next to Mumtaz Mahal in the Taj Mahal instead of his intended resting place. Though he had intended to build another mausoleum for himself opposite the Taj Mahal, Shah Jahan was removed from power and died before it could be built.

Q&A Related to "What is the purpose of the Taj Mahal?"
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