Deciduous forests describe the primary type of forest found in eastern North America and China, Europe, Japan and parts of South America. These locations constitute many different kinds of people and a large portion of the Earth's human population.
Well-known cities around the globe that are located in areas of deciduous forest include New York City, Philadelphia, Paris, Berlin, Beijing and Tokyo. In centuries prior to the discovery of North and South America by Europeans, many people, such as Native American tribes like the Lenape, lived within deciduous forests and survived from using deciduous trees for food and shelter. Common trees in a deciduous forest include maple and oak trees, which provide food for humans and animals living in these forests including syrup and acorns. In particular, deciduous forests are known for their bright and colorful leaves in the fall season that often vary between red, yellow and brown.
As the Earth Observatory explains, the primary characteristic of a deciduous forest is that trees' leaves change with each season and fall away in the winter. Areas where deciduous forests grow typically range in temperature from minus 30 degrees Celsius to 30 degrees Celsius with a yearly average of 10 degrees Celsius, or about 50 degrees Fahrenheit.