What protist causes malaria?


Malaria is caused by four different species: Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. ovale and P. vivax. The disease causes anemia in sufferers.

Between 300 and 500 million people a year are infected with malaria, and 1 million die a year from the disease. P. falciparum causes the most severe form of the disease, but malaria is most commonly caused by P. vivax.

The Anopheles mosquito carrying a Plasmodium species bites a human. This process introduces the sporozoites of the malarial protist into the human body. These sporozoites enter the hepatocytes, the liver cells, and multiply. The progeny of the sporozoites, called merozoites, then enter the bloodstream to infect the red blood cells. The red blood cells are then destroyed by the merozoites, thus releasing the merozoites and causing anemia.

Q&A Related to "What protist causes malaria?"
Mosquitoes spread the protozoan that causes Malaria. Thanks!
what protist is responsible for malaria? what organism is the carrier for malaria?
The organism that causes malaria is a parasite contracted through the bite of a mosquito. The most common culprit is the female Anopheles mosquito found in tropical regions.
Malaria can be caused by any of the four species of Plasmodium namely Plasmodium vivax, P. falciparum, P. ovale and P. malariae. This infection is carried from human to human through
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Human malaria is caused by four different species of a parasite called plasmodium.
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