What was the name of the first artificial satellite sent into space?

Answer

The first artificial satellite sent into space was known as Sputnik. The satellite was developed by the Soviets and launched in 1957 ahead of America's first satellite, Explorer I. Due to Sputnik, there was a need for the creation of a body to handle aeronautics and space administration hence, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was born.
Q&A Related to "What was the name of the first artificial satellite..."
aryabhata
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History changed on October 4, 1957, when the Soviet Union
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Columbia was the first shuttle to be launched. Before that, Enterprise was used for drop tests, but Enterprise did not have engines and was never meant for launch. The shuttles were
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Using the 100 kilometer (62 miles) above the surface, the US standard, the first monkey was Albert II in 1949. However, considering 100 kilometers outer space is controversial.
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