What was the name of the first artificial satellite sent into space?

Answer

The first artificial satellite sent into space was known as Sputnik. The satellite was developed by the Soviets and launched in 1957 ahead of America's first satellite, Explorer I. Due to Sputnik, there was a need for the creation of a body to handle aeronautics and space administration hence, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was born.
Q&A Related to "What was the name of the first artificial satellite..."
Explorer 1.
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The first American satellite was Explorer 1. It was launched on
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It was a little dog named Laika (Barker' in Russian) which was shot into orbit aboard Sputnik 2 on November 3, 1957 by the Russians. The dog was poisoned after several days since
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Sputnik. Sputnik 1, Russian for traveller, launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in present day Kazakhstan, on 4th October 1957 at 19:12 UTC, and became Earth's first artificial satellite
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