During the 18th century, the major influences on religion and religious conflics were the industrial revolution, which greatly changed the way people lived and earned their living and imperialism and the pursuit to obtain colonies as a source for natural resources.In Europe, Christian factions had formed through the 16th and 17th century, so that with the Age of Enlightenment, which coincided with a time of exploration, art and emerging philosophers, atheism and agnosticism became widespread in 18th century western Europe.In Britain, the industrial revolution had emerged and most people were making their living by working in mines or in factories. Britain fought to keep its power over the American colonies but lost in the war for Independence---but was able to keep its strongghold in other parts of its overseas empire (the colonies in the Caribbean, Canada and India). Scotland was united with England and Wales. The beginning of the 18th century saw little interest in religion but approaching the middle of the century there was a rise in religious participation. The Church of Methodists was founded and the Anglican church became quite strong in England's colonies. While Evangelicals were the biggest opponents to slavery and pushed strongly for its prohibition.While in America, the colonialists wanted to define themselves as a separate people and nation from its colonial power, England, this was also reflected in their perspective on religion---they began to move away from strict forms of Christianity and wanted a separation of church and state (where England cemented its link between church and state which still remains today). In America, people viewed religion as more democratic and open however, at the same time, they reinforced traditional racial and gender stereotypes. Although, there was a move for separation of church and state, the war of Independence was driven by religious belief and the colonialists belief they had a covenant with God.Imperial powers mostly dominated Islamic religions.